Brain in a Jar theory
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In philosophy, the brain in a vat is an element used in a variety of thought experiments intended to draw out certain features of our ideas of knowledge, reality, truth, mind, and meaning. It is based on an idea, common to many science fiction stories, that a mad scientist, machine, or other entity might remove a person's brain from the body, suspend it in a vat of life-sustaining liquid, and connect its neurons by wires to a supercomputer which would provide it with electrical impulses identical to those the brain normally receives. According to such stories, the computer would then be simulating reality (including appropriate responses to the brain's own output) and the person with the "disembodied" brain would continue to have perfectly normal conscious experiences without these being related to objects or events in the real world.
The simplest use of brain-in-a-vat scenarios is as an argument for philosophical skepticism and solipsism. A simple version of this runs as follows: Since the brain in a vat gives and receives exactly the same impulses as it would if it were in a skull, and since these are its only way of interacting with its environment, then it is not possible to tell, from the perspective of that brain, whether it is in a skull or a vat. Yet in the first case most of the person's beliefs may be true (if they believe, say, that they are walking down the street, or eating ice-cream); in the latter case their beliefs are false. Since the argument says one cannot know whether one is a brain in a vat, then one cannot know whether most of one's beliefs might be completely false. Since, in principle, it is impossible to rule out oneself being a brain in a vat, there cannot be good grounds for believing any of the things one believes; a skeptical argument would contend that one certainly cannot know them, raising issues with the definition of knowledge.
However, if one accepts a utilitarian or some logical positivist ethical philosophy, then one should behave as though the external world is real. If one believes the external world is not real, it follows that other humans and beings do not exist, and therefore cannot be helped or harmed by one's actions. Thus, if one behaves as though the world is real and it is not, one has not seriously harmed one's own happiness (particularly because cause and effect may or may not operate the way one believes) or at least has only made one's own existence miserable. However, if one behaves as though the world is not real and it is, one's selfish decisions can cause serious harm to the happiness of large numbers of people. Therefore, for the cost-benefit analysis of belief in the existence of the external world to support disbelief, one must estimate the probability that the world does not exist as very high. Though the world does not appear wholly logical or consistent, enough of it is logical and consistent to suggest that there is a substantial probability that I am (or the reader, assuming he exists, is) part of a real universe. So, the cost-benefit analysis favors belief in the external world's existence.
The brain in a vat is a contemporary version of the argument given in Hindu Maya illusion, Plato's Allegory of the Cave, Zhuangzi's "Zhuangzi dreamed he was a butterfly", and the evil demon in René Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy.

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Brain in a vat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In philosophy, the brain in a vat is an element used in a variety of thought experiments intended to draw out certain features of our ideas of knowledge, reality, ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brain_in_a_vat
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Brain in a jar theory true or false? - Godlike Productions
The most startling evidence for the brain-in-a-jar theory comes from the research of Dr. Wilder Penfield. While operating on conscious patients' ...
www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message1799249/pg1
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Discussion: "Brain In A Vat" Theory - Dream Views
However, if we are literally a brain in a jar of chemicals there is something choosing our life for us. I suppose in some respect this could be seen ...
www.dreamviews.com/philosophy/44370-discussion-brain-vat-theory.html
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Are you a brain in a jar? - Tilted Forum Project Discussion Community
If I were to tell you that you are indeed a brain in a jar, would that make any ... For example, quantum theory tells us about things that classical ...
thetfp.com/tfp/tilted-philosophy/13707-you-brain-jar.html
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The Brain in a Jar Theory is not True | A conversation on TED.com
25 Mar 2014 ... The Brain in a Jar theory states that we could all be merely a brain or brains in a jar or jars. This cannot be true because in order for this reality to ...
www.ted.com/conversations/23374/the_brain_in_a_jar_theory_is_n.html
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Brain-in-a-Jar - Technic Pack Wiki
The Dark Infuser discovery is a prerequisite to getting the Brain-in-a-Jar theory. This discovery can only be made researching Zombie Brains. It is a prerequisite ...
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Fragment of Lost Knowledge - Yogbox Wiki
Zombie Brain -> Theory: Brain-in-a-jar -> Discovery: Brain-in-a-Jar. Theories can have different levels of difficulty that are semi-random. Success rate is with no ...
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Philosophy - Brain in a Jar/Vat - Tech & Computer Forums
Completely unaware of an actual "Brain in a Vat" theory created by some person, i created the "Brain in a Jar" theory with some.
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The universe is your imagination? : Schizoid Personality Disorder ...
This falls into the realm of "theories that are logically possible but not worth considering", along with the Brain in a Jar theory or basically any ...
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Brain in a Jar - The Science Forum
Coz I have this human brain.. in a jar and Im always pondering what on ... It can fit within the theory, of course, but, I have to shake my head a bit ...
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Brain in a vat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the biology of brain in a vat, see isolated brain. ... In philosophy, the brain in a vat is an element used in a variety of thought ... "Ship in a Bottle", an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation · Saints Row IV; Characters in Old World Blues, a DLC pack for Fallout: New Vegas ... Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brain in a jar theory true or false? - Godlike Productions
The most startling evidence for the brain-in-a-jar theory comes from the research of Dr. Wilder Penfield. While operating on conscious patients' ...
Are you a brain in a jar? - Tilted Forum Project Discussion Community
There are many theories both proving and disproving both of these things ... If I were to tell you that you are indeed a brain in a jar, would that ...
James A. R. Marshall - Department of Computer Science - University ...
I head the Behavioural and Evolutionary Theory Lab, and am affiliated with the ... "Green Brain: Computational Modelling of the Honeybee Brain" (EPSRC) ... My Hamilton number is 2 (Marshall, J.A.R. -> Houston, A.I. -> Hamilton, W.D.) ...
The Strange Neuroscience of Immortality - The Chronicle Review ...
16 Jul 2012 ... Kenneth Hayworth wants to plastinate his brain and have it ... In the basement of the Northwest Science Building here at Harvard University, a locked door is ... Among some connectomics scholars, there is a grand theory: We are our ...... their brains in jars that are connected to spider-like robot bodies so ...
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Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile. ... theories in architecture and urbanism, particularly around our ability to orient and move in the built ... urbana (utopía presente en varios períodos históricos, desde la ciudad jar- ..... Burgess N. (2008), “Spatial cognition and the brain” en Annals of New.
[PDF]PDF - Psicología Educativa - Elsevier.es
bDpto. de Psicobiología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España. ... The present article reviews the scientific literature on a component of brain ..... jar en paralelo. ..... Recognition-by-components: a theory of human image unders-.
The Big Bang Theory - Episode Guide | LocateTV
A complete episode guide for The Big Bang Theory with info on where and when to watch episodes on TV. ... Season 7 Episode 8: The Itchy Brain Simulation.
[PDF]Ciencia, Tecnología & Salud - Universidad Anáhuac Mayab
gadora de la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa. Conozcamos la ..... del inglés Brain derived neurotrophic factor), molécula que es indispensable  ...
Publicaciones - UCM-Universidad Complutense de Madrid
La Universidad Complutense de Madrid es una institución de larga trayectoria ... Brain. 2011, 134: 119-136. Autophagy promotes survival of retinal ganglion cells after ..... J. Morere, M.J. Tenorio, M.J. Torralvo, C. Pando, J.A.R. Renuncio, A. Cabañas .... Use of recombinant omega in feline retrovirosis: from theory to practice.
Libros sobre el término Brain in a Jar theory
Philosophy: The Basics
Philosophy: The Basics
Nigel Warburton, 2004
... 149–50; forgeries 160–3; historical authenticity 159–60; idealist theory 152–3; institutional theory 153–6; performance 158; ... 105 Berlin, Isaiah 77, 79 Beyond Good and Evil (Nietzsche) 39 Boo/Hooray theory 64 brain in a jar 97 brain states  ...
The Slightest Philosophy
The Slightest Philosophy
Quee Nelson, 2007
So the monad theory fails on fit to empirical data. ... But, I can't understand what makes Leibniz imagine there are any 'monads' (I once saw a brain in a jar of fluid, but of course I've never seen a monad), or that such an entity could think, or that ...
Anxiety 101
Anxiety 101
Moshe Zeidner PhD, Gerald Matthews PhD, 2010
Emotions may be embodied through being more closely integrated with bodily changes than conventional cognitive theory allows (Ziemke & Lowe, 2009). Imagine that, like a brain in a jar in a cheesy science fiction movie, you receive sensory ...
How to Build a Theory in Cognitive Science
How to Build a Theory in Cognitive Science
Valerie Gray Hardcastle, 1996
I suppose one may dispute whether electric fish are truly cognitive, but I still take his research to present an exemplar of the type of model one would like to have of a thinking brain. The jamming avoidance response (JAR) is a shift in an ...
Nobody Knows (The Thing That Really Matters About) Anything!
Nobody Knows (The Thing That Really Matters About) Anything!
Nobody!, 2011
So what does all this have to do with Boltzmann's Brain, you ask? ... accelerating the expansion of the universe and nullifying the effects of “the gravity we don't understand”-except with string theory, ... millions of simpler universes that are nothing more really than a “brain in a jar” although, technically, a “brain in a universe.
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